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How to ferment?

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I saw some programs about feeding pigs with fermented food. I also want to ferment corn flour What else do you need to add to soybean meal, wheat bran, and corn straw? What is the process of fermentation? What should we pay attention to?

mainly depends on what you want to ferment? Some feeds do not need fermentation. Bean dregs, hogwash and feces can be fermented with vitality 99. Distiller’s grains, straw, unified bran, cassava dregs and other coarse fibers with high content can be degraded with coarse fodder. The manufacturer has special data that can be obtained directly
let’s take an example of fermentation:
the characteristics of the fermentation and treatment of straw with vitality 99 leaven and roughage degrading agent need to be explained first: if the straw is fermented with vitality 99 leaven alone (a product mainly composed of microbial agents), it belongs to micro storage technology, that is, microbial fermentation storage technology. A package of vitality 99 leaven can ferment a ton of dry straw for more than 15 days, which can be used for feeding as long as it is sealed, It can be stored for a long time without deterioration. If the straw is treated with roughage degradation agent (enzyme based product) alone, it belongs to enzymatic hydrolysis technology. A package of roughage degradation agent can treat 400 kg of straw for ruminants. The processing time is only 5-12 hours (depending on the temperature, about two days in winter). It is characterized by faster processing speed than vitality 99 yeast. As long as it is well sealed, it can also be stored for a long time without deterioration. If the two are used in combination, 25g of vitality 99 leavening agent and 100g of roughened feed degrading agent can handle 600kg of straw material and can be used in one day. The feeding effect is better. 1. After being treated with vitality 99 fermentor and roughage degrading agent, the straw becomes soft, has sour smell, and the palatability is significantly enhanced. Livestock like to eat, and the feeding speed can be increased by 43%. At the same time, due to the degradation of some cellulose and lignin in the straw by microorganisms and enzymes, the digestibility of the straw is improved, and the rumen of ruminants is accelerated. Therefore, the feed intake is also increased in the initial stage, which can generally increase by 20-40%, Long term feeding, non-toxic, harmless, safe and reliable. 2. The nutritional value of straw is also improved: after straw fermentation, the ester bonds of lignin and cellulose polymers are hydrolyzed by enzyme, and rumen microorganisms can attach directly to cellulose. Due to the propagation of microorganisms, the protein content of straw strains increased; At the same time, the lignin and cellulose of straw are degraded into oligosaccharides, lactic acid and volatile fatty acids, which improves the nutritional value of straw and becomes a high-quality feed for cattle and sheep. The daily weight gain of cattle fed with straw treated with vitality 99 yeast and roughage degrading agent is increased by about 30%. According to the test, the digestibility of wheat straw is increased by 24%, and the nutritional value of 4kg pretreated straw feed is about equivalent to 1kg of corn. 3. The treatment cost of straw micro storage is low; For example, a bag of roughage degrading agent is 12 yuan a bag, which can treat 400 kg of dry straw. It only takes half a day, that is, 5-12 hours (about two days in winter). After treatment, it can be stored permanently without deterioration as long as it is sealed. The ammoniation of a ton of straw requires 40-50 kg of urea, which requires 108-135 yuan at the current market price, and is far inferior to the straw feed pretreated with degradant in digestion, absorption and nutritional value. If you only use vitality 99 leaven to micro store straw, the fermentation treatment time is longer. It needs more than 15 days of fermentation treatment, and you can ferment a ton of dry straw. 4. The production season is long and easy to promote: silage is good, but the production season is strong, which has the problem of competing with agriculture. Straw fermentation and degradation use dry straw and non-toxic hay plants, and the outdoor temperature is 5-40 degrees, It can be carried out in spring, summer and autumn in the north and all the year round in the south, and the production technology is simple and easy. 5. There are many sources of raw materials for production: wheat straw, straw, yellow corn straw, potato seedling, potato seedling, green corn straw, non-toxic weeds and green aquatic plants. Both dry straw and green straw can be made into high-quality straw feed with roughage degradation agent and vitality 99 yeast. 6. Long storage period: straw fermentation bacteria grow rapidly in straw and have strong acid producing effect. Due to the strong bacteriostatic effect of propionic acid and acetic acid in volatile fatty acids and the bacteriostatic effect of secondary metabolites of biological bacteria such as nisin, micro stored straw biological feed is not easy to mildew and decay, so it can be preserved for a long time. In addition, the straw micro storage feed is easy to take and use, and can be taken and used as needed without drying. 7. Simple production: the straw feed pretreatment technology is simple to produce. Compared with the traditional silage ammoniation straw technology, it is easier to learn, understand and popularize.

the raw materials that the landlord wants to use for fermentation are still complete. Since the fermentation is needed, it needs “Gymboree feed starter”

type II feed starter is suitable for fermenting the energy feed of pigs, chickens, cattle, sheep and geese, fish, shrimp and aquatic products, Tenebrio molitor insects and other animals, as well as the fermentation of various coarse fodder, coarse grains and other animal and plant residues, such as grain flour, corn flour, wheat bran, rice bran, chicken manure and other livestock and poultry manure, straw, hogwash (swill), forage, cottonseed shell, peanut shell All kinds of cake, miscellaneous meal, dross, etc

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I. fermented energy feed
wheat bran, rice bran and other materials are generally inoculated according to two thousandths of the feed. First mix the product fully with the materials to be fermented, and then add water to mix well. The moisture content of the materials is generally controlled between 65% – 75%. The judgment method is: hold the mixed fermentation material tightly, see the watermark but do not drip water in the finger seam, and it is appropriate to loosen it and spread it on the ground. If the water juice can be squeezed out without spreading on the ground, the moisture content will be more than 75%, and it will be unfavorable if it is too dry or too wet, so it should be adjusted. Mix well with water and then put it into pots, vats, pools, plastic bags and other containers. It will be sealed and fermented under natural temperature for 2-3 days. It can be fed when it is fragrant, sweet and alcoholic. During large-scale fermentation, it can be directly stacked on a clean cement floor or fermentation tank, covered with plastic film for sealed fermentation
II. Fermented protein feed
protein feed should not be fermented separately. It should be added to energy feed for mixed fermentation. For example, 30% – 40% of rapeseed cake powder or cottonseed cake powder should be added to corn flour (i.e. corn flour: rapeseed cake powder = 70%: 30% – 60%: 40%). Feed starter, water and mix well for sealed fermentation according to the above method
III. fermented roughage
crop straw, such as corn straw, wheat straw, straw and forage, should be chopped, crushed or crushed first, and it is best not to ferment a single variety alone to avoid single or low nutrition. Among straw, cottonseed shell, chicken manure, hogwash and other materials, it is best to add corn flour, rice bran and wheat bran according to the proportion of 20% – 30% of the total weight of the materials, and add sta
rter according to 4 ‰ of the total weight of the materials (the silaged materials can be added according to 1 ‰). Mix the starter with corn flour, rice bran, wheat bran and other energy feeds, and then mix these mixtures evenly into the roughage, add water and mix well according to the above method for sealed fermentation
IV. precautions:
1. Mixed fermentation is better than single fermentation. Energy feed can ferment one material alone or two or three materials together. For example, corn flour, wheat bran and rice bran can be mixed and fermented in any proportion, but energy feed with high starch (such as corn flour) can ferment faster
2. When stacking and loading, it should be sealed, but not compressed
3. When feeding from containers or bags, the containers should be sealed immediately and should not be exposed for too long to avoid pollution
4. Do not use raw materials that have been mildewed and deteriorated or have strange odor as fermentation raw materials. If the fermented materials are mildewed or have peculiar smell due to improper storage, they cannot be used to feed animals
5. Usage and dosage of products generated after fermentation (fermentation products): energy feed and protein feed after fermentation: piglets are added according to 20% – 30% of the feed amount, and large pigs, chickens and ducks are added according to 30% of the feed amount (calculated by dry matter) to prepare full price feed; Roughage can be directly used to feed cattle and sheep. Cattle and sheep are particularly fond of eating, especially easy to gain fat, and can greatly improve milk production. About 20% – 30% can also be added to the full price feed to feed pigs.

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Answer

 Hello, I'm ah Tan, a little helper of life. I've seen your question. Please wait patiently for about two minutes. I'm querying relevant information for you
 Hello, there are two production methods of fermenting enzyme, one is solid fermentation, the other is liquid submerged fermentation 

 I'll send you the production process right away 

 ④ freeze drying: put the concentrated liquid into the freeze dryer for freeze drying for 9-11 hours to obtain food fermentation enzyme powder. The food fermentation enzyme powder is vacuum packaged by a vacuum packaging machine

 this is the process of making fermentation enzyme. You can make a reference
 if you are satisfied with my service, please give me a compliment. Thank you. I wish you a happy life and everything
4 more

use microorganisms to produce special enzymes to decompose or denature mycotoxins, and reduce the harm of mycotoxins by adsorption of microbial cells
the commonly used method is the fermentation detoxification method with vitality 99 leaven: 300 kg of moldy energy feed + 1 bag of vitality 99 leaven + 240 ~ 360 kg of clear water (the specific amount of water should be kneaded into a ball by hand, and there is a watermark in the fingers). Compact it layer by layer into the fermentation container, cover the surface with plastic film, compact and seal it well, and the fermentation time should be at least 5 ~ 6 days in summer and about 15 days in winter, In the spring and autumn season, it takes about 10 ~ 12 days. After fermentation, the material has bright color, or golden luster, and the taste has wine or acid flavor. Many microorganisms such as yeast can absorb and adsorb mycotoxins. At the same time, fermentation can also decompose fungal hyphae
if the oil meal is moldy, such as peanut cake, it must also be involved in the fermentation of energy feed, such as 250kg moldy peanut cake + 50kg corn flour + a bag of vitality 99 yeast + 240 ~ 360kg clean water. Other operations are the same as the above methods
the feed after mould free fermentation can not be fed to pigs 100%, but can only account for up to 50% of the pig diet. The specific maximum use amount needs to be observed and determined by the farmers themselves in practice. When feeding for the first time, try feeding a small amount, such as 20%, and slowly increase the use amount after seeing that the pigs are more suitable; Until it is not suitable, reduce the dosage appropriately
at the same time, in order to balance nutrition, 4% premix of fermented material can be added during fermentation, so that pigs can be fed directly instead of part of the full price feed.

in terms of strain selection, probiotics or bagged live bacteria dry powder can be used. At present, there are many kinds of products on the market. Especially for EM bacteria, it is difficult for ordinary users to distinguish between true and false. There are only 3 authorized manufacturers in Nanjing and only 4 authorized manufacturers in Guangzhou. This test site briefly introduces some products on the market at present, but it should be stated that this test site does not sell advertisements, and is sincerely for the sake of those in the same industry (especially not to be purchased and multiplied many times by others)

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