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From the perspective of environmental protection, how to carry out packaging design and decoration

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recyclable.

with the development of international trade and packaging industry, it has become a consensus to actively develop commodity packaging that meets the requirements of environmental protection. Compared with traditional packaging, the most obvious feature of green packaging is that the concept of environmental protection runs through the whole life process of packaging products, and the design and materials of packaging should meet the requirements of environmental protection. The implementation of green packaging includes formulating national development plan, implementing environmental protection legislation, strengthening environmental protection education, protecting ecological environment and so on

key words: packaging industry; Green design; In today’s world, with the rapid development of science and technology and the rapid development of economic construction, environmental protection has become the focus of attention of governments and people all over the world. At the same time, with the development of international trade and packaging industry, the resulting environmental problems have attracted widespread attention all over the world. It has become a consensus to protect the environment and actively develop commodity packaging that meets the requirements of environmental protection. Therefore, China’s packaging industry must change its concept and strengthen the awareness of no pollution, so as to adapt to the new competition caused by the new standards and regulations put forward by various countries for packaging materials and packaging waste, and vigorously develop green packaging

first, the connotation of green packaging
green packaging refers to all kinds of packaging items that are harmless, less polluting and meet environmental requirements. It includes the meaning of environment and resource regeneration. The green packaging in the sustainable development strategy requires that the design, manufacture, use and treatment of product packaging should meet the requirements of ecological and environmental protection such as low consumption, reduction and less pollution

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compared with traditional packaging, the most obvious feature of green packaging is that the concept of environmental protection runs through the whole life process of packaging products, that is, from raw material collection, material processing, product manufacturing, product use, waste recycling to final treatment, it should not cause harm to the environment and human body. Traditional packaging must have three functions: protection, convenience and promotion, while green packaging must also have an important environmental protection function. With the function of environmental protection, it has produced the effect of “pulling the hair and moving the whole body” in the packaging industry. It requires that the packaging materials must be non-toxic and harmless, renewable or degradable. The change of materials requires corresponding changes in processing technology, processing machinery, container manufacturing, packaging design, decoration printing and other links, so as to trigger a great conceptual change and technological revolution in the whole packaging industry; It requires all links, processes and personnel of the entire packaging industry to participate. Under the general goal of realizing green packaging with environmental protection function, the whole industry must divide work and strengthen cooperation to complete their respective tasks, including the development of pollution-free packaging materials (degradable or renewable), pollution-free processes and pollution-free packaging products, the development of new material testing methods and the formulation of corresponding standards, material recycling technology, composting technology In order to complete the above interrelated tasks, we must organize, manage and coordinate according to the method of system engineering. Only by organizing experts from all aspects of the packaging industry, such as packaging structure design, packaging materials, packaging testing, packaging machinery, packaging technology, packaging management, packaging printing and decoration, packaging education, and closely combining green packaging with their own work links, can we complete the huge system project of the great reform of the packaging industry, so as to realize green packaging, reduce pollution, reduce the use of materials, reduce energy consumption Environmental protection is a noble goal. Specifically, it should have the following meanings:

(1) implement packaging reduction (rece). Under the condition of meeting the functions of protection, convenience and sales, green packaging should be the appropriate packaging with the least consumption

(2) the packaging should be easy to reuse, or its waste should be easy to recycle. The purpose of reuse can be achieved through repeated use or recycling waste and producing recycled products

(3) packaging waste can be degraded and decomposed (). In order not to form permanent waste, the non recyclable packaging waste should be decomposed and decomposed, and the soil should be improved through composting. At present, industrial countries all over the world attach great importance to the development of biodegradable packaging materials using biological or photodegradation. Rece, reuse, recycle and, that is, the 3R and 1D principles for the development of green packaging recognized in the world

(4) packaging materials shall be non-toxic and harmless to human body and organisms. The packaging materials should preferably not contain toxic elements, halogens and heavy metals. If they contain, their content should be controlled below the relevant standards

(5) in the whole life cycle of packaging products, there should be no environmental pollution and public hazards. That is, the whole process of packaging products from raw material collection, material processing, product manufacturing, product use, waste recycling to final treatment should not cause harm to human body and environment

II. Design of green packaging
(1) packaging designers should try to use green packaging materials and design long-life packaging materials, which can greatly reduce the environmental pollution caused by the waste of packaging materials

(2) packaging reduction. In some developed countries, many supermarkets encourage consumers to use reusable nylon shopping bags instead of disposable plastic bags. The materials used in packaging design shall be minimized, unnecessary packaging shall be eliminated as far as possible, and simple packaging shall be advocated to save resources

(3) simplification of packaging materials. The materials used shall be as simple as possible, and different materials shall not be mixed, so as to facilitate recycling

(4) the packaging design is detachable. Packaging requiring composite structure should be designed into a detachable structure, which is conducive to recycling after disassembly

(5) pay attention to the reuse of packaging materials. Adopt recyclable, reusable and recycled packaging to improve the life cycle of packaging and reduce packaging waste

(6) harmless packaging materials.

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