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A kind of plant breaks his tendon and white liquid will flow out of it

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[Chinese name] banyan
[English name] Ficus
[alias] fine leaf banyan, adult tree and banyan whisker

morphological characteristics
Toona is a large evergreen tree, 20-25 meters high, with vigorous roots. Leaves leathery, elliptic, ovate elliptic or obovate, 4-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. Inflorescence receptacle solitary or paired in leaf axils, oblate obovoid, 5-l0 mm in diameter, milky white, yellow or light red at maturity; Gall flowers and female flowers are born in the same receptacle

habitat distribution
grows near villages or in mountain forests. It is distributed in Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Taiwan, southern Zhejiang, Yunnan and Guizhou. India, Myanmar and Malaysia also have

it can be used as street tree. The bark fiber can be used to make fishing nets and artificial cotton. Aerial roots, bark and leaf buds were used as surface clearing agents


Ficus L. F., a plant of banyan genus in mulberry family, is used as medicine with leaves and air roots (banyan whiskers). It can be harvested all year round and dried in the sun

characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine

[nature, taste and meridian]

leaves: slightly bitter, astringent and cool

air root: slightly bitter, astringent and cool

[functional indications]

leaves: clearing away heat, relieving exterior and removing dampness. For influenza, malaria, bronchitis, acute enteritis, bacillary dysentery, pertussis

air root: sweating, clearing away heat and rash. Used for cold, high fever, tonsillitis, rheumatism, bone pain, traumatic injury

[usage and dosage]

leaves cost 3 ~ 5 yuan and air roots cost 0.5 ~ 1 liang


national collection of Chinese herbal medicine

banyan – the largest tree with a crown in the world

banyan. Scientific name (Ficus L.f.), mulberry family, evergreen tree. Banyan trees can be divided into greening trees, banyan pile bonsai and banyan melon (sweet potato banyan and ginseng banyan) bonsai according to their uses. Because the root system of banyan tree is developed, the root often rises and protrudes from the ground. Because of the unique shape of her main block, Zhangzhou people have a special preference for banyan tree. The scientific cultivation of banyan tree with plant physiology enables the root block of banyan tree to grow rapidly, controls the growth height of its branches, and cultivates bonsai with different specifications, styles and forms, which has the cultivation method of combining natural carving and art processing. It can enhance the ornamental value of banyan bonsai and become another unique flower in Zhangzhou after daffodils. From a minimum of 50 grams of miniature banyan to 2000 grams of bonsai of different specifications. Ginseng banyan with natural shape, exposed root plate, lush crown and unique charm makes people interesting and happy. Suitable for furnishing homes, offices and public places. In recent years, it has become popular in Europe, the United States, Japan, South Korea and other countries and regions, and has been favored by the majority of consumers. It is the main export product of the company and occupies a large share of the bonsai market. It is a high-grade fashion flower

banyan is the general name of banyan in mulberry family. There are more than 800 species known all over the world, mainly distributed in tropical areas, especially in tropical rain forests. There are about 100 species of banyan in China, including 67 species in Yunnan and 44 species in Xishuangbanna, accounting for 44.9% of the total known banyan in China and 5.5% of the world

banyan is one of the largest woody tree species in tropical flora. It has many important characteristics of tropical rain forest, such as board root, pillar root, strangulation, old stem fruit and so on. There are 17 species of 44 species of banyan trees growing in Xishuangbanna with large plate roots and 26 species that can form various aerial roots or pillar roots. Strangulation is a special phenomenon of Ficus plants in the tropical rain forest of Southeast Asia; The single tree forest is a special landscape of hot rain forest formed by the thick pillars with a large length of time when some banyan trees change from strangulation stage to independent trees

banyan is an important source of wild food; Banyan trees used as vegetables in Xishuangbanna mainly include papaya banyan, apple banyan, thick skinned banyan, high banyan, fruit gathering banyan, sudden vein banyan, Huangge banyan, etc. Woody wild vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals, cellulose and bitter elements that help the human body digest. Dai people generally believe that eating the twigs and leaves of woody plants can not only make people healthy and live a long life, but also keep young girls light. It is also an important national medicinal plant. Nine species of plants in banyan are commonly used to treat a variety of diseases. The medicinal parts include roots, bark, leaves and tree pulp

among banyan plants, 17 species are large trees with plate roots, 26 species have air roots or pillar roots, 8 species have the phenomenon of old stem flowers and fruits, and 24 species are epiphytes in the seedling stage, of which 21 species develop into trees or bridge trees through the strangulation stage with the growth of banyan, so as to form a single tree into a forest. These special ecological phenomena constitute the garden landscape. Many banyan trees have developed crowns and thick shade, which have always been traditional courtyard plants, such as high banyan, Bodhi, drooping leaf banyan, banyan and so on. Some species of Ficus have become important garden ornamental trees, and cultivated horticultural varieties with different leaf colors and shapes. There are more than ten horticultural varieties of Ficus and Ficus

many species of banyan trees have the phenomenon of plate root, old stem flowers, hanging garden and strangulation. The landscape is strange and magnificent, reflecting the important characteristics of tropical rain forest; Some species are regarded by local people as God (Dragon) trees and Buddha trees, forming a unique national banyan culture. The park covers an area of about 15 mu and has collected nearly 103 species of banyan plants. The high banyan, drooping leaf banyan, banyan, blunt leaf banyan and papaya banyan in the park have formed tree pagodas, single trees into forests, strangulation and other landscapes and rich scientific connotation, which have made the park increasingly become an ecological park close to the appearance of natural forests, giving people strange and beautiful enjoyment
banyan trees grow in the tropical rain forest area with high temperature and rain. The climate here is humid and there is plenty of rain
Ficus (Ficus, also known as Ailanthus altissima and Ficus microphylla)
morphological features: Ailanthus altissima is a large evergreen tree, 20-25 meters high, with vibrant roots. Leaves leathery, elliptic, ovate elliptic or obovate, 4-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. Inflorescence receptacle solitary or paired in leaf axils, oblate obovoid, 5-l0 mm in diameter, milky white, yellow or light red at maturity; Gall flowers and female flowers are born in the same receptacle
growth distribution: it grows in villages or mountain forests. It is distributed in Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Taiwan, southern Zhejiang, Yunnan and Guizhou. India, Myanmar and Malaysia also have
purpose: it can be used as street tree. Bark fibers can be used to make fish nets and artificial cotton. Aerial roots, bark and leaf buds were used as surface clearing agents
banyan, the tree with the largest crown
as the saying goes, a single tree does not make a forest. But in nature, only banyan trees can “grow into forests alone”. Banyan is a large evergreen tree belonging to mulberry family, which is distributed in tropical and subtropical areas. The size of its canopy is amazing. In the
tropical rain forest of Bangladesh, there is a big banyan tree, which is lush and becomes a forest. There are more than 4000 hanging “air roots” growing downward from its branches, which become “pillar roots” after landing in the soil. In this way, the columns and roots are connected, the columns and branches are supported, and the branches and leaves expand, forming a spectacle of blocking the sky and blocking out the sun and a single tree into a forest. The huge canopy has a projected area of 10000 square meters. It once accommodated an army of thousands of people to hide under the tree in the scorching sun. There is also an ancient banyan tree along the Tianma River in Xinhui County, Guangdong Province, with a canopy covering an area of about 15 mu, allowing hundreds of people to enjoy the cool under the tree. Banyan trees grow in the south of Taiwan, Fujian, Guangdong and Zhejiang. Banyan trees in the fields and roadsides have become natural pavilions, which are good places for farmers and passers-by to rest, enjoy the cool and avoid the wind and rain. There are many banyan trees in Fuzhou, so it is called “banyan city”. The fruit of banyan tree is oblate and round, born in leaf axils. The fruit diameter is less than 1 cm and can be eaten. The seed has strong germination power. Due to the activities of birds and the influence of wind and rain, it is attached to the mother tree, absorbs the nutrition of the mother tree, grows many hanging air roots, and can absorb water from the humid air; The pillar roots embedded in the soil strengthen the role of big trees in absorbing water and inorganic salts from the soil. This is the secret of “a single tree makes a forest”

little data
Fuzhou City tree – banyan
Fuzhou has a long history of planting banyan. According to the records of the world of peace written by song Leshi (930 ~ 1007), “Banyan… It has ten girths, does not wither in winter, and is only prosperous in the county and city, so it is called banyan city.”
Zhang Boyu, the governor of Fuzhou in the Song Dynasty, compiled households to plant banyan to prevent drought and flood, showing that “the city is covered with green shade and the summer is not covered The banyan tree has become one of the features of the ancient city of Fuzhou. The banyan tree has luxuriant leaves, evergreen seasons, strong branches, defying cold and heat, standing proudly, symbolizing the spirit of Fuzhou people to forge ahead and forge ahead. On February 8, 1985, the 12th meeting of the Standing Committee of the eighth Fuzhou Municipal People’s Congress decided to name the banyan tree as the city tree based on the recommendation of the masses. On August 28, 1997, the 34th meeting of the eighth Fujian Provincial People’s Congress adopted the decision to take the banyan tree as the provincial tree Discussion
Zhang Boyu, the governor of Fuzhou in the Northern Song Dynasty, planted banyan

Zhang Boyu (1003 ~ about 1068), with the word Gongda, from Jian’an (now Jian’ou county). In the second year of Tiansheng in the Northern Song Dynasty (1024), he became a Jinshi. Later, he published a book and sentenced to excellence. In the first year of Qingli (1041), he served as a professor of county studies in Wujun; Then take the Secretary Cheng as Taigu order. He loved the people, worked hard and promoted water conservancy in Guangxing. In the fourth year of Qingli (1044), Fan Zhongyan was recommended to the imperial court for his daring to speak on the festival of Qing Dynasty. In the first year of Huangyou’s reign (1049), he served as an official. At that time, Chen Zhizhong was the prime minister. Boyu said, “the world has not been cured, and the real prime minister has not been obtained, so it is also.” Therefore, he offended Chen Zhizhong and went out to know Taiping prefecture (now Dangtu County, Anhui Province). Emperor Renzong regretted Boyu and gave him 50000 silver coins before leaving Beijing. During the period of Zhihe (1054-1056), Boyu served as deputy governor of Yanzhou. In the eighth year of Jiayou’s reign (1063), the doctor was educated in Yuezhou (now Shaoxing, Zhejiang). Boyu made great achievements in promoting learning and educating talents. In the second year of Zhiping (1065), Boyu moved to Fuzhou and ordered the households to dredge the ditch seven feet and plant banyan for greening. A few years later, “the city is covered with green shade, and the summer heat is not covered”, Boyu banyan became famous for a time. Bo Yu is knowledgeable and knowledgeable. Zeng Gong was impressed by his article. He is fond of drinking and poetry, and has the titles of “Zhang baibei” and “Zhang Baipian”. The procurator general and the inspector general seal the doctor. He has written two volumes of Penglai poetry, which has been lost

greenery – banyan trees
the trees in the south take banyan as a record. One book says that banyan is not auspicious, and it disappears to the north of Ji’an. This is a geographical limitation. Where I am located, the banyan tree is a city tree. With the wind lotus in the pond, it should be very beautiful. After looking at the banyan trees in Guangdong and Yunnan, I found that most of the banyan trees here are female – beardless. One day, when I saw a man’s banyan tree with Guan Yunchang’s beard and beautiful beard, I quickly asked the man who had studied Lin and replied: it’s different varieties. Gender is not the original
since then, we have paid attention to the characteristics of banyan trees. When a very different banyan tree appears, it is expected to be another variety. Like people, it has too much personality and is always different. Also recognized several: Ficus microphylla, Ficus altissima, Ficus ginseng. Ginseng banyan is the best choice for bonsai. Its roots are as fat as ginseng and radish. I always think it is genetically modified. I don’t like it
banyan tree is a kind of big tree, which has a weather of spreading the sky and the ground. Next to the tree, you can support the shed room. It is a small rural teahouse. Under the tree, there are several bamboo chairs, several small tables, tea bowls and teapots, the sound of the river and cicadas. It is a long lost childhood. The banyan tree looks like a big green mountain with brown trunk. It reminds me of the winding mountain path. If there are holes and pits on the tree, some mushrooms grow out, and the color of red and yellow flowers is to go back to the ruins

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